For many people, divorce is a difficult and painful experience to navigate.
The process of dissolving a once-loving marriage, making new living arrangements and separating joint finances can be complicated. If you're a parent, dealing with custody issues can be even more of a challenge.
In the midst of the chaos of a divorce, people often tend to overlook their credit. Unfortunately, that's a big mistake.
When you fail to protect your credit during a divorce, your credit scores might suffer. And, if your divorce does damage your credit, those issues could haunt you for many years to come.
Let's start with the good news. Divorce doesn't automatically trash your credit scores. In fact, you don't have to worry about divorce itself hurting your credit at all. Your marital status isn't reflected on your credit reports and it has zero direct influence over your scores.
Still, it's no secret that divorce and credit problems commonly go hand in hand. Here are two reasons why your credit scores might drop during a divorce:
1. Creditors don't honor divorce decrees.
If your divorce is a messy one, separating joint accounts can become an absolute nightmare. During your divorce, the court will issue a ruling known as the divorce decree — the division of your marital assets and debts, including which spouse is responsible for paying each creditor. If you have a joint car loan, for example, your divorce decree will say who keeps the vehicle and who has to keep up with the payments on the loan.
There's just one problem. Creditors and debt collectors don't honor divorce decrees. If a judge orders your ex to pay a joint credit obligation, but he or she fails to do so, your personal credit could suffer.
2. Joint accounts stay on your credit reports.
When you open a joint credit obligation with your spouse, the account may be added to both of your credit reports. Divorce doesn't dissolve the joint accounts you opened with your ex nor does it remove them from your credit reports. Your lender will still expect both of you to pay back the money. The account will also remain on your credit reports, regardless of who is responsible for it in your divorce decree.
Here's why this can be a problem. If your ex is responsible for making payments on a joint account and pays late, the late payment will show up on your credit reports and could damage your credit. If a jaded ex-spouse decides to make a bunch of charges on a joint credit card account, you'll still be responsible for paying the debt.
The easiest way to separate joint accounts is to cooperate with your ex and find a solution that protects each of your credit reports. Of course, depending upon whether your separation was amicable, this may or may not be a realistic expectation.
Why divorce might be harder on women's credit
Divorce doesn't have any direct impact upon your credit reports or scores. Neither does gender. Nonetheless, divorce can indirectly impact your credit due to the financial challenges it may bring up. Women in particular may be disproportionately affected by financial difficulties during a divorce.
One reason why divorce can potentially hit women so hard in the financial department is because women, on average, earn less than men. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the average full-time, weekly wage or salary earned by men was $991 in the fourth quarter of 2018. Women, by comparison, earned an average of $796 during the same time period — nearly $200 per week less than their male counterparts.
U.S. Census Bureau statistics point out that women who divorced in the past year report less household income than recently divorced men.
A survey commissioned by Experian also reveals some eye-opening results when it comes to how divorce impacts the credit of men versus women. According to the survey, 54 percent of divorced women say their credit score declined during their marriage. Some 50 percent of the women surveyed also said their ex ruined their credit.
How to protect your credit during a divorce
Every divorce is different. Detangling your credit obligations from your ex-spouse is complicated, regardless of your gender.
Ultimately, it's up to you to try to safeguard your credit from damage during a divorce. These three tips might help.
- Close joint credit cards and remove your ex as an authorized user from any credit cards which are open in your name only.
- Freeze your credit reports with all three credit reporting agencies to prevent a vindictive ex-spouse from opening fraudulent accounts in your name.
- Cooperate with your ex to separate joint accounts when you can. For example, if you have a joint mortgage, the spouse keeping the home could be required to refinance the loan into his or her name only. Another option with joint loans (like mortgages and auto loans) is to sell the asset (e.g. the house or the car) and use any profits from the sale to pay off other joint debts.
Sometimes credit damage during a divorce is unavoidable. If you've been a stay-at-home parent, for example, and you suddenly have to find a job, it may take a little time to get on your feet financially. Your creditors, however, won't wait for their payments.
Late payments, defaulted accounts and collections can all take a toll on your credit. In severe cases, you might even need to file for bankruptcy protection from your creditors during or after a divorce.
If you've experienced credit damage because of a divorce, here's the good news. Your credit can be rebuilt over time. You should do your best to protect your credit during a divorce if you can, but know that you don't have to be stuck with damaged credit forever if the worst should happen.